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奇迹这样出现的!拯救泰国少年足球队全纪录

Chris Morris 2018年07月14日

从失联时间和营救的恶劣条件来看,球队能全部生还就称得上一大奇迹。

本周二,泰国政府从洪水淹没的岩洞中救出了最后一批被困者,解救12名泰国少年及其足球教练的行动终于画上了句号。

至此,走失的泰国少年足球队成员全部脱险。虽然泰国官员并未透露获救孩子们和25岁的教练身体状况,但从失联时间和营救的恶劣条件来看,能全部生还就称得上一大奇迹。

救援行动期间,少年足球队成员的亲朋好友一直在岩洞附近祈祷,全球都在关注救援进展,包括美国科技业知名企业家、特斯拉和Space X的首席执行官埃隆·马斯克。马斯克主动提出旗下公司帮忙,将救援设备送到岩洞现场。不过后来泰国官方谢绝。

以下是按时间顺序整理的整个搜寻和营救过程。

6月23日——泰国北部一处岩洞遭到洪水侵袭,洞穴内的12名11岁到16岁“野猪”少年足球队队员及其教练失联。

6月24日——救援人员发现迹象显示,失踪者被困于距洞穴入口将近两英里(约合3.2公里)处,但因洞内水位不断上涨,搜救行动不得不暂停。

6月25日——泰国皇家海军海豹特种部队潜水员在洞壁上找到了疑似走失者留下的手印后,开始在洞内安装水泵抽水。

6月27日——搜寻范围扩大。约1000名泰国陆军和海军以及志愿者参与。国际社会也扩大了参与力度,美军救援人员抵达泰国帮助搜救。

6月30日——雨势缓和,潜水员进入洞穴搜寻,但仍未能找到被困的孩子。

7月2日——英国潜水员找到了被困者,无人遇难,他们都被困在洞内水面上方一处岩石上,距洞穴入口约2.5英里(约合4公里)。

7月3日——泰国海豹特种部队潜水员给被困的少年足球队成员送去帐篷、食物、水和医疗用品。泰国官员开始制定救出洞穴的计划。

7月5日——埃隆·马斯克在社交媒体推特上发帖表示,“如有需要乐意提供帮助”。

7月6日——马斯克宣布,将派一批工程师赴泰国帮助救援。同日,参与救援的泰国海豹特种部队队员萨曼·古南在洞穴内潜水时氧气耗尽不幸丧生。

国际足联主席詹尼·因凡蒂诺表示,若被困的足球少年和教练能及时获救,并且身体状况允许,将邀请他们前往莫斯科观看世界杯决赛。

7月7日——马斯克提议用一种“孩童身材大小的微型潜艇”。这种微型潜艇由马斯克旗下公司制造的轨道运载火箭改装,可在八小时内完工。

得到泰国方面的更多反馈。主要方式是孩童身材大小的微型潜艇,用猎鹰号运载火箭的液态氧传输管道作为主体。很轻,两个潜水员就能带走,也很小,能通过狭窄的穴道。而且非常坚固。

——埃隆·马斯克

再次为泰国勇敢又顽强不屈的孩子和潜水队而震撼。体现了人类的优秀品质。

——埃隆·马斯克

7月8日——救援人员进入洞穴,11小时后带回四名男孩。

7月9日——经过九小时营救,又有四名男孩获救。

7月10日——剩下的四名男孩和教练成功离开洞穴。截至美东时间10日9点30分,一名医生和几位潜水员还在努力撤离洞穴。对救援者来说,洞穴的危险仍然存在。(财富中文网)

译者:Pessy

审校:夏林

The search and rescue portion of the mission to save 12 young boys and their soccer coach who were trapped in a flooded cave in Thailand is over, as authorities brought the final team members out on Tuesday.

All of the missing people were brought out alive, though officials have not commented on the health of the extracted children and the 25-year old, but the recovery alone is being called a miracle, given the length of time the team was missing and the harrowing conditions surrounding their rescue.

Friends and family kept vigil around the cave throughout the effort and the world was captivated by their plight. Among the onlookers was Elon Musk, who volunteered the services of his company, delivering equipment to the site, though officials ultimately declined to use it.

Here's a timeline of efforts to locate, then rescue, the team.

June 23—12 members of Wild Boar soccer team (aged 11-16) go missing, along with their coach, in a cave complex in northern Thailand after a flash flood.

June 24—Rescuers are forced to suspend the search due to rising waters, despite having found evidence of the team nearly two miles inside the cave.

June 25—Pumps installed to remove water after Thai Royal Navy SEAL divers find hand prints on the cave's wall, seemingly of the team.

June 27—Search widens. Roughly 1,000 army and navy personnel, along with volunteers, join the search. International involvement expands, as the U.S. military arrives to help.

June 30 - Rains ease enough for divers to make their way further into the cave, but still fail to find the children.

July 2—British divers find the boys, who are still alive. They were standing on a shelf above the waters some 2.5 miles inside the cave.

July 3—Thai SEALs deliver blankets, food, water and medical aid to the team. Officials begin formulating a plan to retrieve the team.

July 5—Elon Musk tweets he would be "happy to help if there is a way to do so."

July 6—Musk announces he will send a team of engineers to Thailand to assist in the rescue efforts. That same day, Saman Gunan, a Thai Navy SEAL, dies when his oxygen runs out as he's underwater in the caves.

Gianni Infantino, the president of FIFA, invites the team and their coach to the World Cup finals, if they're rescued in time and healthy enough to attend.

July 7—Musk proposes using a "tiny, kid-sized submarine" made from one of his orbital rockets. Construction of the sub is completed in eight hours.

Got more great feedback from Thailand. Primary path is basically a tiny, kid-size submarine using the liquid oxygen transfer tube of Falcon rocket as hull. Light enough to be carried by 2 divers, small enough to get through narrow gaps. Extremely robust.

——Elon Musk

Continue to be amazed by the bravery, resilience & tenacity of kids & diving team in Thailand. Human character at its best.

——Elon Musk

July 8—Rescuers enter the cave and emerge with four boys 11 hours later.

July 9—Four more boys are rescued after a nine-hour effort.

July 10—The remaining four boys and the coach are retrieved from the cave. A doctor and a handful of divers are still working their way out as of 9:30am ET, so there's still some danger for rescuers.

一架直升飞机飞向睡美人洞附近的简易跑道,人群在旁围观。图片来源:Getty Images

营救行动在继续,清莱府洞穴区域的救援人员运送氧气罐。摄影:Lillian Suwanrumpha 图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

2018年7月7日,泰国的救援人员稍事休息。图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

2018年7月6日,营救行动期间,泰国士兵在睡美人洞附近一个指挥中心集合。图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

2018年7月5日,一架直升飞机飞过睡美人洞附近的山区。图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

军方救援人员在坤喃朗农皇家森林公园的临时帐篷里做晚饭。摄影:Linh Pham图片来源:Getty Images

救援人员准备了小型潜水面罩,准备送入睡美人洞。摄影:Linh Pham图片来源:Getty Images

2018年7月2日,被困男孩的亲人展示照片。摄影:Linh Pham图片来源:Getty Images

该照片由睡美人洞救援行动中心发布。图片显示,泰国的救援人员已进入12名男孩及其足球教练走失的洞穴,该洞穴位于泰国清莱府。图片来源:AP/REX/Shutterstock

由于雨季降水封住洞穴主要入口,12名男孩及其足球教练在洞内失联超过一周。发现他们生还后,泰国将军班差·杜里亚潘向媒体发表讲话。摄影Linh Pham图片来源:Getty Images

2018年7月1日,泰国海军和海豹特种部队要使用的氧气瓶送达事发洞穴附近。图片来源:Getty Images

2018年6月29日,救援行动期间,英国岩洞潜水员罗伯特·查尔斯·哈珀在一个入口搜索。图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

2018年6月27日,在坤喃朗农皇家森林公园,泰国士兵扛着水龙带,打算探入睡美人洞内抽出积水。图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

在睡美人洞入口附近的清莱府坤喃朗农皇家森林公园,临时观察站志愿医护人员靴子上沾了不少泥。图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

2018年6月26日,泰国救援人员抵达睡美人洞的入口。图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

在清莱府坤喃朗农皇家森林公园,泰国士兵在睡美人洞内布置电缆。图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

在泰国清莱府坤喃朗农皇家森林公园,走失少年足球队员及其教练的亲朋好友在睡美人洞入口祈祷,救援人员正在努力搜救。摄影:Phromsakla Na Sakolnakorn图片来源:AFP/Getty Images

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