订阅

多平台阅读

微信订阅

杂志

申请纸刊赠阅

订阅每日电邮

移动应用

领导力

半数美国人感到孤独

ARIC JENKINS 2018年05月03日

研究人员发现,1995年左右至2000年代初出生的一代的孤独感最强。

Janine Schmitz Photothek via Getty Images

一项最新研究发现,近半数美国人感觉孤独,尤其是年轻人备受孤独的煎熬。

据NPR报道,医疗保险公司信诺集团(Cigna)在全美对20,000名成年人进行了调查,调查发现54%的受访者感觉没有人真正了解自己。此外,56%的受访者称身边的人“未必和他们在一起”,约40%称他们“缺乏友谊”,“他们的关系没有意义”,并且感觉“被其他人孤立。”

周二发布的这份报告,基于加州大学洛杉矶分校开创的孤独感量表(Loneliness Scale)。研究人员根据一系列陈述和一个公式计算出测量结果,并根据测量结果发现得分在20至80分之间的受访者感觉孤独。一个人分数越高,越有可能感觉到严重的社会孤立。

据NPR报道,信诺首席执行官戴维·考丹尼表示:“半数美国人认为自己的是孤独的。这令我非常吃惊。”

他补充道,社会孤立还会影响身体健康。考丹尼称:“精神与身体健康之间的界限较为模糊。人类呈现出来的医学症状,往往与精神、生活方式、行为问题等有关,例如孤独。

另外,调查还发现更多美国年轻人感到孤独。研究人员发现,1995年左右至2000年代初出生的一代,即“Z一代”,现在即将成年,他们的孤独感最强。该年龄段的受访者平均孤独感得分为48.3,而所有美国人的平均得分为44。千禧一代的得分为45.3。而婴儿潮一代和最伟大的一代分别得分42.4和38.6,均低于平均分。(财富中文网)

译者:刘进龙/汪皓

A new study has found that nearly half of all Americans feel lonely — with young people in particular experiencing the brunt on the pain.

Health insurer Cigna took a nationwide survey of 20,000 adults and found that 54% of respondents said they feel like no one actually knows them well, NPR reports.Additionally, 56% of people said the people they surround themselves around “are not necessarily with them,” and approximately 40% said they “lack companionship,” their “relationships aren’t meaningful,” and that they feel “isolated from others.”

The research, released Tuesday, was based on the UCLA Loneliness Scale pioneered by the University of California, Los Angeles. Using measurements calculated by a mix of statements and a formula, researchers found that anyone with a score between 20 and 80 feel lonely. The higher the score, the more likely it is the person feels significant social isolation.

“Half of Americans view themselves as lonely,” David Cordani, chief executive of Cigna, said, according to NPR. “I can’t help but be surprised [by that].”

He added that social isolation can also have an affect on health. “There’s a blurred line between mental and physical health,” Cordani said. “Oftentimes, medical symptoms present themselves and they’re correlated with mental, lifestyle, behavioral issues like loneliness.”

Additionally, the survey found that younger American are hit harder by loneliness. The generation born between the mid-1990s and early 2000s —”Z”— is coming to age now and feels lonely the most, researchers found. Those respondents had an average loneliness score of 48.3, compared to the average score for all Americans, 44. Millennials, meanwhile, scored 45.3. But the Baby Boomers and Greatest Generation scored just below the American average at 42.4 and 38.6, respectively.

我来点评

  最新文章

最新文章:

500强情报中心

财富专栏